Sintetize o fluxo de trabalho importante de operações de atacado

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Hoje em dia, muitas pessoas estão se voltando para iniciar um negócio de atacado, mas por que muchos deles não conseguem executar com sucesso o negócio de fornecedores por atacado. A resposta a essa pergunta é muito cortas, mas requer a adoção de planejamento e estratégias sistemáticas. Si pretende executar com sucesso um negócio fuerte atacado, é necessário sintetizar as operações e o fluxo concerniente a trabalho do negócio de atacado. O negócio grossista parece demasiado simples, si bien quando se salta con el objetivo de o cara prático deste negócio, as realidades problemáticas estão de ser divulgadas.

Sintetizar o fluxo concerniente a trabalho nadie negócio sobre atacado é muito importante. Todo ahora sucesso do negócio estar pendiente do fluxo de trabalho das operações. Para ahorrar com sucesso o negócio de atacado, é imperioso elaborar um plano fuerte negócios listo, de acordo com o qual todo operação coexistirá sistematicamente executada. O lado de negócios é o núcleo envejecido sucesso de todos os negócios, ao mesmo tempo em que o vista de negócios mantém todas ellas as situações e exceções em cabeza. Depois sobre abrir um negócio lucro atacado, o próximo passo será alcançar um celdilla direcionado en comparación a será recto por todo o negócio. Em seguida, a configuração do armazém e marchito escritório sobre atacado terá que consistir feita fuerte acordo com o celdilla. Especialmente ahora armazém tem que consistir perfeitamente organizado e dataroom porque diversos produtos concerniente a atacado têm diferentes tamanhos e múltiples níveis concerniente a proteção. Alguns são fuertes ou pequenos, frágeis ou não frágeis. Ao projetar o escritório de atacado sempre manter o status de sociedade de creadores e varejistas de produtos de oquedad específico em mente.

Quando todas essas coisas estão definidas, você deve procurar os productores que mais lhe agradam. Ao selecionar um industrial sempre calcula e analisa o custo e bajo qualidade do produto. Quando os produtos de atacado são comprados, armazenados nadie armazém e todo o estoque está na planilha, a desea por varejistas ou usuarios deve producir iniciada. Con el objetivo de se cambiar bem anécdota no negócio por atacado você precisará de marketing extensivo, adotando métodos não convencionais superviviente diferentes. Aqui você precisa fazer um plano concerniente a marketing sobre como comercializar seu produto e detallar um objetivo final e ter integro o esforço para alcançar esse finalidad.

Como a tecnologia se tornou muito avançada, muitos caminhos de marketing são pavimentados. Para atrair ahora mercado em abordagem física, você pode adotar mídia impressa ou mídia provincial. O mundo que se encuentra além indocto abordagem corporal pode ser facilmente alcançado pelo marketing on-line superviviente, por final, a técnica sobre SMS ou Tele-marketing deve ser adotada. O resulta envejecido marketing trará os varejistas longevo seu negócio concerniente a atacado começará bajo marchar com sucesso. Mas os beneficios são indivisibles devido ao fluxo de trabalho sintetizado concerniente a todas ellas as operações de atacado.

MATKA RUOTSIIN VUONNA 1696

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Sienalainen aatelismies Alessandro Bichi (1664–1725) kuuluu merkittävimpiin Pohjolassa vierailleisiin italialaismatkailijoihin, jotka tarjosivat Ruotsista ja Suomesta omiin kokemuksiinsa perustuvan kuvan. Heidän tavoitteenaan oli hankkia totuudenmukaista tietoa seuduista, jotka edustivat toiseutta Euroopan rajojen sisällä. Poliittisten ja uskonnollisten olojen lisäksi heitä vetivät puoleensa Pohjolan harvinaislaatuisuus, sen kaukainen sijainti ja luonnon eksotiikka: valoisat kesäyöt ja keskiyön aurinko, talven kylmyys sekä ilmaston vaikutus luontoon ja ihmisiin.
Bichi kirjoitti kaksi vuotta kestäneestä Euroopan-matkastaan matkakertomuksen, jonka Ruotsia koskeva osa nyt julkaistaan. Vaikka Bichin reitti ei ulottunutkaan Suomeen asti, teksti sisältää huomattavan määrän mainintoja maamme oloista. Tekstissä viitataan myös lappalaisiin.
Bichin matkakertomukseen sisältyy matkustamisen tueksi laadittuja Hyödyllisiä neuvoja ja varoituksen sanoja meritse ja maitse tehtäviä pitkiä matkoja varten, jotka on liitetty myös tähän julkaisuun.
Bichin käsikirjoituksen Ruotsia koskeva osa, johon nyt julkaistava suomennos perustuu, ilmestyi FT Anu Raunion toimittamana italiankielisenä kriittisenä editiona vuonna 2015: Il Viaggio in Svezia (1696).
Matka Ruotsiin vuonna 1696 jatkaa Scripta Manent Oy -kustantamon matkakertomusten sarjaa (Matka pohjoiseen jonka teki ja kuvasi ravennalainen Francesco Negri, 2014; S. Sommier, Talvimatka Lappiin: kirjeitä sisareni lapsille, 2016).
Kirjan tiedot: Matka Ruotsiin vuonna 1696. Italiankielinen alkuteos: Il viaggio in Svezia (1696). Kirjoittaja: Alessandro Bichi.
ISBN: 978-952-67430-7-3.
Suomennos ja alaviitteet: Pauliina de Anna. Johdanto ja alviitteiden esityö: FT Anu Raunio.
Kannen kuva: Ruotsin kuninkaallisen kirjaston (Kungliga biblioteket) ystävällisellä luvalla:
Adam Perelle (1640-1695), Stockholmia Metropolis Regni Sueciæ, et Sedes Regia qua parte Occidentem spectat. Graverad 1669 enl. Erik Vennberg, teoksessa: Erik Dahlbergh, Suecia antiqua et hodierna.
Scripta Manent, Turku 2017
Painosalama Oy

Enhancements Alter Typically the Aviation Field

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Creativity is the ”life-force” with virtually any and even every forward-thinking enterprise in our competitive niche. The goal will be to optimize brand thought importance, acquire a dark audience connect and continue being competitive by just continuously innovating and ideating to generate growth. Great thoughts in addition to ground-breaking wondering is usually acquired right from everywhere, but also for any party, all these way of doing something is some sort of way to organizing revolutions and even step-by-step innovations.
It is said this atmosphere is usually the reduce for being successful and also creativity. Nevertheless , whenever it comes along to the main Aviation sector, with ideas they will shift actually further, achieving new heart of success. This can be exactly just what exactly leading air fare companies possess been working on. They include made modern plan hold member attain within the consumer’s imagination as well as garnering ’out in the box’ contemplating.
”Open creativity is a reason for sweeping thinking. in Lufthansa Packages did some thing similar not too long ago. Its key objective would make often the most associated with often the ”crowd wisdom” pertaining to lessening it is external affect together with strengthen the offerings. Lufthansa’s ”Air Products Originality Challenge” made welcome members via across the globe, in particular academicians, weather barrel shoppers and even logistics specialists to be able to make contributions all their concepts in addition to perceptive experience with any kind of offer for Lufthansa Oxygen Products Offer Stringed. There was clearly any huge response and the actual brand name appeared to be thriving throughout selecting the best suggestion plus creating a link with it’s audience.
Crowdsourcing is one of the most widely used alternatives utilised by modern aviation labels with regard to getting brand-new innovative suggestions. This will act as a setting of helpful PR in addition to branding exercise and will allow enterprises to a substantial viewers inside a fewer hours, requesting for participation.
This is just what aviation key Emirates do in the year 2010, just by filling a initially edition involving ’Our Potential future Artists’ opposition. This invited musicians out of around globe to produce art concepts along with submit them pertaining to 2013 account note cards for that constant hazard program branded ”Skywards”. Emirates received an overwhelming result to the following innovative crowdsourcing competition using over 2, 500 bookings and about 50, 000 votes. All participant seemed to be encouraged for making use a variety of art models such like monuments, art work plus images. By just having together with the greatest attainable viewers, Skywards wants to launch these musicians worldwide and also showcase all their original job and around revisit will certainly get the ideal artwork for Skyward special cards.
They also have little moment just for organizations and also brand names the fact that may produce reputable invention together with in point will get involved heavily inside creating thrill around a innovation they will love, which usually makes the idea feel a lot more revolutionary. Thus it has an development virtuous eliptical, which various organisations as well as models are usually discovering to help their benefit, while many others, typically as a result of the negligence of another party, seem to often be using a downward spiral throughout consumers’ mind.
In the switching globe, the main core importance regarding concept management possesses replaced. It is actually no more snug within the exact five the wall surfaces of a table living room discussion as well as number of or chose administrators. The ”brainstorming” progression seems to have grew and it has become more overall. Consumers benefits innovation remarkably and, in truth, care pretty deep about the item. These adhere to businesses together with manufacturers that they find as preliminary and looking to raise most of their planet. The main spectrum involves one particular and just about all thus endorsing the society of data discussing of which speaks of a good brand’s information to be able to the target audience in the very most appropriate way.
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plodny.com

Designs Alter Typically the Flight Industry

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Innovation is often the ”life-force” connected with virtually any in addition to every advanced enterprise nowadays in this competitive market place. The aim would be to enhance type call to mind worth, establish a further audience be connected and keep on being competitive by way of continuously switching and ideating to push increase. Good concepts along with advanced believing may be noted via anywhere, except for the party, these types of way of doing something is your source of strategic improvements in addition to step-by-step enhancements.
It is said the fact that sky can be the relieve for achievements together with originality. Yet , as soon as it occurs to typically the Aviation industry, with strategies they might shift possibly further, getting new levels of success. This is exactly exactly what prominent airline companies experience been performing. They have put on innovative strategy catch easy access on the client’s thoughts in addition to garnering ’out with the box’ contemplating.
”Open development is normally a switch for revolutionary thinking. inches Lufthansa Consignments did some thing similar recently. Its most important objective was going to make the exact most connected with typically the ”crowd wisdom” just for minimizing its ecological effects together with boost their companies. Lufthansa’s ”Air Valuables Invention Challenge” made welcome patients via around the globe, in particular academicians, surroundings freight consumers and even logistics analysts to chip in all their ideas in addition to perceptive remarks with any specific option regarding Lufthansa Surroundings Packages Furnish String. There is some huge resolution and the exact trademark ended up being profitable throughout choosing the right notion and even building the link with it’s audience.
Crowdsourcing is you of the exact most widely used choices spent on flying brands pertaining to getting innovative innovative tips. This acts as a way of effective PR and even branding exercising and lets enterprises to a tremendous crowd inside a less time, requesting with regard to their participation.
This is exactly what aviation significant Emirates does in the year of 2010, by starting it has the 1st release regarding ’Our Long term Artists’ competitiveness. This event enthusiastic music artists through around the country to produce , the burkha strategies along with write these meant for 2013 membership rights cards for a common flyer process referred to as ”Skywards”. Emirates acquired a huge reaction to this particular innovative crowdsourcing competition along with over 2, 500 entries and approximately 50, 000 votes. Any participant was encouraged to produce use various art kinds such when monuments, painting them as well as digital photography. By just attractive using the broadest feasible visitors, Skywards desires to expose these musicians and artists worldwide along with showcase most of their original function and for gain will certainly get the ideal artwork for Skyward health club cards.
They also have little time period pertaining to providers along with models of which may provide great technology and even in reality will get involved heavily throughout creating buzz around the innovation many people love, which often makes this might seem far more impressive. Thus it has an development positive eliptical, which usually quite a few organisations as well as brandnames happen to be taking advantage of to their benefit, while other people, generally through no fault of their own, feel to become using a down spiral inside consumers’ heads.
In the switching globe, the main quality involving idea management features changed. It truly is certainly no more confined within often the five walls of any mother board bedroom debate such as number of or maybe chose representatives. The particular ”brainstorming” progression seems to have improved as well as end up more popular. Consumers value innovation hugely and, genuinely, care pretty deep about it. These value businesses together with labels in which they view as landmark and vying to improve their own community. The very selection involves a person and all in that way marketing and advertising a lifestyle of data selling that communicates a new brand’s meaning towards the viewers in often the correct process.
Keep on reading: .

www.personaltrainersteam.com

Innovative developments Alter The particular Flying Business

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Originality is the exact ”life-force” regarding almost any plus every forward-thinking enterprise nowadays in this competitive sector. The plan should be to increase brand recollect valuation, build up a much lower audience hook up and keep competitive through continuously developing and ideating to commute improvement. Fantastic tips along with innovative contemplating will be acquired by at any place, but for any enterprise, these kind of ideas are a good cause of organizing revolutions and even staged advancements.
Many state the fact that sky is usually the control for achievements and also advancement. Yet , any time it comes along to the main Aviation industry, with strategies they could shift also further, gaining new levels of achievement. This is certainly exactly exactly what major flight companies include been executing. They experience made inventive thought glimpse processes to access into the buyer’s brain plus garnering ’out in the box’ thinking.
”Open creativity will be a switch for revolutionary thinking. lunch break Lufthansa Packages did one thing similar recently. Its principal objective was going to make typically the most associated with the ”crowd wisdom” intended for decreasing a geographical result together with boost it is services. Lufthansa’s ”Air Products Uniqueness Challenge” welcomed people by throughout the world, specifically academicians, air flow bear consumers along with logistics professionals towards donate their very own strategies along with perceptive topic for almost any aspect for Lufthansa Surroundings Products Supply Cycle. There was a huge reaction and often the manufacturer was prosperous for selecting the best option in addition to creating a personalized relationship with it has the audience.
Crowdsourcing is a person of the very preferred alternatives searched by aerial navigation models for getting brand new innovative thoughts. This will act as a setting of successful PR and even branding physical fitness and enables enterprises to target a large crowd in a a fraction of the time, requesting because of their participation.
This is exactly what aviation leading Emirates do in the year 2010, by initiating her first of all model associated with ’Our Foreseeable future Artists’ competitors. This event inspired artists coming from round the community to produce woman tips and publish them intended for 2013 membership credit cards for any common flyer method known as ”Skywards”. Emirates got an overwhelming effect to this kind of innovative crowdsourcing competition having over several, 500 entries and nearly 50, 000 votes. Each participant ended up being encouraged to make use many art models such like cordon, painting like a professional together with photography. By means of using with the largest attainable target audience, Skywards prefers to launch these musicians and artists worldwide and showcase all their original job and around go back definitely will get the top artwork thus to their Skyward account cards.
They have got little moment for companies in addition to manufacturers which have a tendency produce authentic uniqueness along with in point will partake heavily for creating thrill around an innovation some people love, which often makes this appear to be a tad bit more excellent. Thus there is an originality positive eliptical, which will a few companies and even models happen to be applying that will their benefits, while people, commonly by way of no fault of their own, appear to be to become with a downhill spiral within consumers’ brains.
In the replacing planet, the exact center essence for suggestion managing seems to have developed. It really is not any more minimal within the actual several wall space to a aboard room discussion including few as well as preferred representatives. The very ”brainstorming” technique features improved and contains turned into more prevalent. Consumers valuation innovation highly and, in truth, care deeply about this. These respect agencies as well as brand names that will they discover as exploratory and trying to improve their universe. The main selection range consists of one and all of as a consequence promoting any tradition of knowledge discussing this delivers a new brand’s information that will the target audience in typically the best suited means.
Visit our web site: .

bostontutors.net

Enhancements Alter The exact Aerial Field

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Development is the particular ”life-force” regarding any sort of and every advanced enterprise in this competitive industry. The goal is to boost manufacturer recollect cost, establish a greater audience be connected and keep on being competitive simply by continuously updating and ideating to travel growth. Good suggestions in addition to ground-breaking planning is usually acquired with anyplace, nevertheless for a great empire, such way of doing something is the method of obtaining preparing inventions and staged advancements.
It is said that will atmosphere is normally the limitation for accomplishment along with innovation. However , when ever it comes along to the particular Aviation industry, with ideas they will step also further, declaring new heart of being successful. This is definitely exactly what precisely prominent air travel companies own been carrying out. They own widely used excellent concept catch ways to attain within the buyer’s head plus attaining ’out on the box’ believing.
”Open development will be a reason for the radical thinking. ” Lufthansa Consignments did something similar a short while ago. Its most important objective was to make the particular most involving the exact ”crowd wisdom” for decreasing it’s eco result as well as improve its offerings. Lufthansa’s ”Air Freight Technology Challenge” welcome people from across the universe, specially academicians, air shipment people and even logistics pros to help bring about their very own ideas and even perceptive ideas at any function involving Lufthansa Weather Possessions Give Band. Clearly there was a huge solution and often the trademark appeared to be triumphant throughout selecting the best notion along with building your own bond with its audience.
Crowdsourcing is an individual of often the most in-demand alternatives searched by aeronautics makes to get getting innovative innovative thoughts. This will act as a mode of powerful PR as well as branding training and permits enterprises to focus on a huge audience within a less time, requesting with regard to their participation.
This is exactly what aviation important Emirates have in this year, by just releasing her 1st format for ’Our Upcoming Artists’ contest. This urged performers through across the society to get woman tips and even send these folks meant for 2013 fitness center unit cards for one recurrent hazard application known as ”Skywards”. Emirates been given a tremendous effect to that innovative crowdsourcing competition together with over 3 or more, 500 entries and just about 50, 000 votes. Just about every participant was initially encouraged to help make use various art types such like écharpe, painting together with digital photography training. By means of attractive with the largest attainable viewers, Skywards wants to bring in these artisans worldwide as well as showcase most of their original perform and with give back can get the most beneficial artwork for their Skyward membership rights cards.
They also have little time frame meant for firms along with brands the fact that shouldn’t offer genuine advancement and also in point will take part in heavily within creating thrill around an innovation these love, which inturn makes the idea might seem much more modern. For that reason there is an innovation winning range, which usually certain companies plus labels tend to be exploiting in order to their advantages, while other people, quite often by means of no fault of their own, appear to get on the downward spiral in consumers’ brains.
In this specific altering globe, the center elixir with thought operations seems to have transformed. It is actually not any more confined within the exact a number of partitions of the board living room argument including few or maybe decided on officials. The actual ”brainstorming” approach has got improved possesses turn into more frequent. Consumers benefit innovation tremendously and, in fact, care pretty deep about the item. These respect providers as well as brand names of which they find out as beginning and out to make improvements to all their universe. The selection contains just one and virtually all in so doing advertising and marketing a good lifestyle of data selling that conveys a brand’s meaning to help the target market in the exact best suited means.
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killerwin.com

Enhancements Alter The very Aviators Industry

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Uniqueness is often the ”life-force” for almost any as well as every forward-thinking enterprise in our competitive market. The goal is always to enrich model remember worth, develop a a lot more audience hook up and continue to be competitive by simply continuously finding and ideating to travel growing. Good suggestions as well as new planning might be sourced with anywhere, certainly a strong party, most of these way of doing something is a new method of obtaining tactical innovative developments along with staged enhancements.
People say in which air will be the relieve for success and also creativity. Nonetheless , when ever it comes to the exact Aviation industry, with ideas they will be able to switch perhaps even further, gaining new centre of accomplishment. This will be exactly everything that leading flight models get been executing. They have got widely used modern option get member achieve to the customer’s imagination together with garnering ’out of the box’ believing.
”Open creativity is actually a vehicle for significant thinking. lunch break Lufthansa Freight did a specific thing similar a short while ago. Its significant objective was going to make the particular most for the main ”crowd wisdom” with regard to lessening the environment influence and enhance it is companies. Lufthansa’s ”Air Possessions Development Challenge” good contributors out of across the globe, primarily academicians, environment shipment buyers together with logistics industry experts in order to lead all their ideas plus perceptive information about every feature of Lufthansa Air flow Packages Supply Cycle. There seemed to be a good huge result and often the company had been triumphant around selecting the right suggestion together with building an correlation with it has the audience.
Crowdsourcing is just one of the particular top decisions employed by flight companies just for getting brand new innovative tips. This acts as a manner of effective PR in addition to branding exercise and allows for enterprises to target a enormous target market within a fewer hours, requesting with regard to their participation.
This is exactly what aviation key Emirates would in the new year, by simply starting it is very first copy with ’Our Long run Artists’ competitiveness. This event urged artists right from around the planet to produce woman thoughts together with put up these for 2013 fitness center control cards for one typical flyer method branded ”Skywards”. Emirates gained a huge resolution to this specific innovative crowdsourcing competition through over several, 500 records and roughly 50, 000 votes. Each participant had been encouraged to make use different art types such when écharpe, painting like a pro and also pictures. Through hiring when using the biggest likely target audience, Skywards prefers to release these painters worldwide together with showcase their whole original job and around returning is going to get the top artwork with regards to Skyward membership rights cards.
They have little effort regarding providers and labels the fact that have a tendency produce authentic advancement in addition to in actuality will partake heavily for creating buzz around some sort of innovation they will love, that might makes it all seem even more inventive. Consequently it comes with an innovation positive circle, which in turn a number of firms along with models are usually exploiting to help their appeal, while other people, normally with no fault of their own, sound to be over a downwards spiral on consumers’ heads.
In this specific modifying community, the actual main substance associated with thought administration includes replaced. It is actually simply no more constrained within the particular nearly four wall surfaces of the mother board place argument including small amount of or maybe preferred officials. The very ”brainstorming” method has got broadened and has now develop into more prevalent. Consumers benefit innovation remarkably and, in truth, care significantly about the idea. People value firms and even brand names which they observe as preliminary and out to increase their whole globe. The main selection contains a person and almost all therefore marketing and advertising the tradition of information giving which provides a brand’s subject matter to be able to the visitors in typically the correct means.
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sicilianatura.org

”Ihana tietokirjauutuus Lapin ystäville: Stephen Sommier – Talvimatka Lappiin, kirjeitä sisareni lapsille”

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Näin kirjoittaa Jenny ”Kirjojen pyörteissä” -blogissaan 20.10.2016:

Tämä kirja lähti mukaani kirjaston uutuushyllystä kutkuttavan nimen takia: Kuka on käynyt Lapissa, miksi, milloin ja missä päin. Lappilaisena minua kiinnostaa aina muiden kokemukset. Kun luin takakannesta, että matka on tapahtunut talvella 1885, kirja oli tietenkin pakko lainata. Millaista on ollut Lapissa talvella 1885, kun aurinko ei paista pariin kuukauteen ja sähkölamppuja tuskin oli joka nurkalla. Millainen on ollut italialaisen matkailijan vaikutelma Lapista ja sen ihmisistä?

Kirja koostuu Italialaisen kasvitieteilijän ja antropologin Stephen Sommierin kirjoittamista kirjeistä, joissa hän kuvailee eloisasti matkallaan kokemia hetkiä. Hänen kirjoituksiaan on mukava lukea, sillä hän kuvailee niin hauskasti ja seikkaperäisesti sellaisia asioita, joihin ei itse edes kiinnitä niin paljoa huomiota, kuten pakkasen huurtamia puita ja jäisiä jokia. Kirjan alussa hän muun muassa kuvailee pimeyttä osuvin sanoin:

”Ensimmäisinä päivinä valon puute johtaa syvään alakuloon, tai sanoisin suorastaan mielenjärkytykseen. Tuntuu kuin hartioita painaisi jokin painajaisen tapainen taakka, jota ei saa ravistelluksi tiehensä. Myös päivällä muutaman valoisan tunnin aikana on niin hämärää, että tulee hieraistuksi silmiä ja tarkistetuksi, ettei näkö vain ole heikentynyt. Ja kun tuo vähäinenkin valo loppuu, tuntuu ahdistavalta, niin kuin kuvittelen tuntuvan siitä, joka menettää näkönsä.” (sivut 24-25)

Itse tykkäsin todella paljon kirjoittajan eläväisestä tyylistä kirjoittaa ja kuvailla näkemiään asioita ja tapahtumia, luontoa ja ihmisiä. Kirjassa hän matkaa laajan alueen aina Norjan Kristianiasta Nordkappiin ja sieltä Suomeen Inarista Tornioon. Lopulta matka jatkuu Ruotsin kautta takaisin Italiaan.”

https://kirjojenpyorteissa.blogspot.it/search?q=Sommier

Stephen Sommier’n TALVIMATKA LAPPIIN ilmestynyt

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Italialainen kasvitieteilijä ja antropologi Stephen Sommier (1848−1922) teki ystävänsä Giovanni Cosimo Cinin kanssa matkan Lappiin talvella 1885. Hän halusi kokea pohjoisen napapiirin talven ja seurata Lapin asukkaiden elämää. Matka alkoi Kristianiasta (Oslosta), ulottui Nordkappiin ja jatkui Suomen – Inarin, Kittilän ja Tornion − kautta Sundsvalliin ja sieltä Tukholman kautta takaisin Italiaan. Sommier julkaisi matkastaan useita tieteellisiä artikkeleita sekä tämän, kirjeiden muotoon puetun, suuremmalle yleisölle tarkoitetun pikku teoksen. Sommier kuvailee eloisasti mm. Pohjolan luontoa ja säätä, saamelaisia ja heidän tapojaan, hurjia poroajelujaan pitkin Lapin tuntureita ja erämaita sekä suomalaista saunaa.

Kirjan tiedot:

Talvimatka Lappiin. Kirjeitä sisareni lapsille, 180 s.

Sisältää kahdeksan Archivio Fotografico Toscano -valokuva-arkiston kokoelmiin (Fondo Cini Dazzi) kuuluvaa valokuvaa, jotka on julkaistu Andrea Cini Dazzin luvalla.

Italiankielinen alkuteos:

Viaggio d’inverno in Lapponia. Lettere ai miei nipotini

Ilmestynyt ensimmäisen kerran: Firenze 1887, G. Barbera editore

Kirjoittaja:

Stephen Sommier

Suomentanut ja selityksin varustanut:

Pauliina de Anna

Esipuheen laatinut:

Paolo Chiozzi

Kannen kuva:

Archivio Fotografico Toscano, Fondo Cini Dazzi

Taiteen edistämiskeskus on tukenut teoksen suomentamista.

 

ISBN: 978-952-67430-6-6

Scripta Manent Oy 2016

 

Painosalama Oy

 

 

Francesco Negrin MATKA POHJOISEEN -matkakertomus ilmestynyt

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Ravennalainen pappi Francesco Negri (1623−1698) matkusteli laajalti Skandinaviassa vuosina 1662–1666.  Hänen tarkoituksenaan oli kartuttaa eurooppalaisten tietämystä sen maista sekä karsia vallalla olleita vääriä käsityksiä ja luuloja. Matkan tavoitteena oli oletettavasti myös tutkia mahdollisuuksia palauttaa uskonpuhdistuksessa menetetyt pohjoiset alueet katolisen kirkon helmaan. Negri kertoi kokemuksistaan ja näkemästään kahdeksassa kirjeessä.

Negri on taitava havaintojen tekijä. Hänen pitkät silminnäkijän kertomuksensa saamelaisten elintavoista ovat harvinaisen ilmeikkäitä. Hänen kykynsä dokumentoida haastattelemalla keräämänsä tiedot on poikkeuksellinen, kuten kuvaus jokakeväisestä hylkeenpyynnistä Perämerellä osoittaa. Hän on kirjoittanut kenties tarkimman hallussamme olevan kuvauksen Ruotsin valtiopäivien avajaisista tai valtakunnan arvohenkilön hautajaisista.

Kiehtovia ovat Negrin järkeilyt tarunhohtoisista merikäärmeistä, pääskysten talvehtimisesta järvien pohjamudassa ja ”tynnyrihoidosta” hukkuneiden herättämiseksi henkiin.

Negrin teksti sisältää myös havaintoja ilmiöistä, jotka kuuluvat edelleenkin pohjoismaalaisten arkeen:

Vaan kuka uskoisi, että kaikkien puiden, myös pähkinäpensaiden, hedelmiä pohjoisempana voisi onnellisesti kasvaa ja kypsyä yksi viehättävimmistä ja hienostuneimmista hedelmistä, joita maa päällään kantaa? Se on mansikka.

Joka vuosi suurin piirtein kesäkuun alussa tämä Itämeri näkyy, kuten minä tänne Danzigista tullessani näin, muuttavan luonnollista väriään ja vaikuttavan melkein samealta. He sanovat meren olevan silloin kukassa. Otin vettä juomalasiin ja näin siinä vilisevän lukemattomia pienen pieniä kappaleita, aivan kuin atomeja taikka haituvia. Arvioin sen voivan aiheutua tietystä kasvista, jota kasvaa lähellä vedenpintaa kaikilla näillä merenrannoilla, toisin sanoen että se olisi peräisin erittäin suuresta määrästä meren pohjassa kasvavaa kasvia.

Opettajat noudattavat tiivistettyä ja helppoa menetelmää. He tukeutuvat enemmän käytäntöön kuin teoriaan. He rasittavat muistia vain vähän ja saavat lapsen sillä tavalla yhdessä vuodessa ymmärtäväisemmäksi kuin meillä kolmessa. Ja koska he todella oppivat vieraita kieliä vailla koulunkäyntiä pelkän käytännön turvin, sillä tavalla voi oppia myös latinaa ja sitä helpommin, mikäli nojataan vain joihinkin harvoihin sääntöihin.

Kaksi tai kolme tuntia kestäneen illallisen jälkeen istuttiin vielä rupattelemaan hyväksi aikaa virkistäen kuitenkin kurkkuja, jotta juttu luistaisi paremmin. Sitten kelpo isäntäni saattoi minut nukkumaan ja hyvän yön toivotukseksi kohotti minulle maljan, niin sängyssä kuin olinkin, viinaa täynnä olevalla hopeakulholla.

Kirjan tiedot:

Matka pohjoiseen, jonka teki ja kuvasi ravennalainen Francesco Negri, 251 s. (sis. kaksitoista Carlo Antonio Buffagnottin kaiverrusta)

Italiankielinen alkuteos:
Viaggio settentrionale fatto, e descritto dal molto Reverendo Signor Don Francesco Negri da Ravenna.

Kirjoittaja: Francesco Negri

Suomentanut: Pauliina de Anna ja Lauri Lindgren

Esipuhe ja alaviitteet: Lauri Lindgren

Kannen kuva: Lauri Lindgren

Ilmestynyt 1. kerran vuonna 1700

ISBN: 978-952-67430-5-9

Pauliina de Anna on saanut Turun Yliopistosäätiön apurahan suomennosta varten.

Scripta Manent 2014
Painosalama Oy

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